How to achieve emission reduction 40

2022-09-30
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China's emission reduction path: how to reduce emissions by 40%

when the northern hemisphere entered the winter season, Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, suddenly became a white hot battlefield

the "Copenhagen climate peak policy making meeting", which began on December 7, has become a complex and exciting fierce competition and game full of and intertwined with politics, economy, culture, science, law, ethics and many other aspects

despite this, Margarita Wallstrom, assistant secretary general for disaster reduction of the United Nations, reminded participants in Copenhagen on December 14 that the number of climate related natural disasters was steadily increasing, and 91.4% of the natural disasters that had occurred this year were climate related. Moreover, the number of climate disasters continues to rank first among all kinds of natural disasters, and shows a steady upward trend with climate change

Lord Stern, a British environmental expert, even believes that the Copenhagen conference is the "last opportunity" to save the earth from the catastrophic effects of climate warming

politicians and environmental protection experts from many countries have always been "skeptical" about whether the conference can achieve the "expected results"

one thing is certain, however, that the "Copenhagen climate summit", which is known as the United Nations Environment Conference that has "been brewing most fully, on the largest scale and for the longest time" in the history of the world, once again pushed "energy conservation and emission reduction" to the center of world public opinion and became the "focus" of attention of all parties

as a big country in terms of economic aggregate and carbon emission, China's attitude of energy conservation and emission reduction has also attracted global attention. What is the effect of emission reduction in the past four years in China, which once proposed the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" emission reduction target? Facing the goal of reducing emissions per unit of GDP by 40% - 45% in the next decade, how will China make efforts

As a developing country, China has made remarkable economic achievements in the past 30 years, but it has also paid an excessive cost of resources and environment. Environmental problems that have emerged in stages in the process of industrialization in developed countries for hundreds of years have been concentrated in China. Ecological destruction and environmental pollution have caused huge economic losses and posed a serious threat to people's lives and health

as a negative developing country, China attaches great importance to the issue of climate change. In 2007, the national plan for climate change was issued and implemented, making it the first developing country to formulate a national plan for climate change

In recent years, all parts of the country have conscientiously implemented the scientific concept of development and vigorously promoted the construction of a resource-saving and environment-friendly society. In the 11th five year plan, China clearly proposed that by 2010, the energy consumption per unit of GDP will be reduced by about 20% compared with 2005, and the total emission of major pollutants will be reduced by 10%

after nearly four years of hard work, how is the progress of energy conservation and emission reduction during the "Eleventh Five Year Plan"

how far is it from the goal of the eleventh five year plan

according to the data released by the general office of the State Council in July, after nearly three years of hard work, by the end of 2008, the energy consumption per unit of GDP had decreased by 10.01% compared with 2005, the emission of chemical oxygen demand (the main indicator of water pollution) had decreased by 6.61% compared with 2005, and the total emission of sulfur dioxide had decreased by 8.95%. The emission reduction of major pollutants in the country has been basically achieved. After half the time, sprinkle some stearic acid on the screw; Then, more than half of the task of using copper wire to remove the remaining residues has made significant progress in energy conservation and emission reduction

In September, Xie Zhenhua, deputy director of the national development and Reform Commission, said with satisfaction that the energy conservation and emission reduction targets set by the state during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period are still expected to be achieved through the efforts of all sectors of the country

at the same time, Xie Zhenhua also admitted that the task of reducing the energy consumption per unit of GDP in the country has been completed for two and a half years, and half of the tasks still need to be completed, which is still very arduous

according to media reports, Zhou Changyi, director of the Department of energy conservation and comprehensive utilization of the Ministry of industry and information technology (hereinafter referred to as "the Department of energy conservation of the Ministry of industry and information technology"), said optimistically in Shanghai in November that the goal of energy conservation and emission reduction set in the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" is "expected to be exceeded"

Yang Tiesheng, deputy director of the Department of energy conservation of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said in an exclusive interview with China Economic Weekly that, "According to the current situation, the energy consumption per unit of GDP should be reduced by more than 5% in this year and the next two years in order to achieve the energy-saving goal of the eleventh five year plan. From the first to the third quarter of this year, the energy consumption per unit of GDP will be reduced by 3.46%, and it is expected that 70% of the goal of the eleventh five year plan will be achieved by the end of the year. Next year, the energy consumption per unit of GDP will be reduced by at least 6% in order to achieve the planned goal

at the same time, Yang Tiesheng said that the mid-term evaluation of the eleventh five year plan by relevant institutions concluded that industry contributed more than 80% to the decline in energy consumption per unit of GDP

as the "national team" of industrial economy, central enterprises, in fact, as early as April 2008, SASAC set energy conservation and emission reduction targets for central enterprises in eight industries from 2007 to 2009: by the end of the eleventh five year plan, central enterprises should ensure that the energy consumption per unit of added value is reduced by 20% and the total emission of major pollutants is reduced by 10%. Among them, central enterprises in key industries such as petroleum and petrochemical, metallurgy, electric power, transportation, chemical industry, coal and building materials should strive to achieve the above goals ahead of schedule by the end of 2009

the energy consumption, water consumption and pollutant emission indicators of the 30 key central enterprises identified by the SASAC should all reach the best level in history, making them well deserved to become the "main force" of energy conservation and emission reduction

in order to promote energy conservation and emission reduction, data show that during the three-year period from 2006 to 2008, a total of 34.21 million kw of small thermal power units were eliminated nationwide, with backward iron making capacity of 60.59 million tons, steel-making capacity of 43.47 million tons, and cement capacity of 140 million tons, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions

at the same time, China is also vigorously developing new energy, among which solar photovoltaic power generation has reached 120000 kW, and the solar energy utilization area is 130million square meters, ranking first in the world; The installed capacity of hydropower and wind power respectively ranks first and fourth in the world. The installed capacity of nuclear power has increased to 9.1 million KW, and 20million kW is under construction

by the end of 2007, China's rural household biogas has reached more than 26.5 million households, which can replace nearly 16million tons of standard coal every year, equivalent to 44million tons of less carbon dioxide emissions

in addition, China has become the country with the largest number of artificial forests in the world, and the forest coverage has increased from 12% in the early 1980s to 18.2% at present

these efforts have made outstanding contributions to the realization of the "Eleventh Five Year Plan" energy conservation and emission reduction goals

spare no effort to promote energy conservation and emission reduction

in the face of wave after wave of the financial crisis, China's response to climate change has not slowed down

in the newly increased 4trillion stimulus economic investment plan last year, the state allocated 580billion yuan for energy conservation and emission reduction, ecological engineering, structural adjustment, technological transformation and other projects related to climate change. At the same time, China is formulating a national plan for addressing climate change during the 12th Five Year Plan and beyond

in order to accelerate the promotion of energy conservation and emission reduction, the ten major industrial adjustment and revitalization plan issued by the State Council also takes energy conservation and emission reduction as an important content. At the same time, the relevant departments have taken a series of strong administrative and economic measures, including strictly controlling the land credit gate, improving the evaluation and review system of energy conservation and environmental protection of fixed asset investment projects, curbing the excessive growth of high energy consumption and high emission industries by raising the threshold, and strengthening the elimination of backward production capacity

the relevant departments have also successively announced the energy conservation and emission reduction situation of thousands of key enterprises and provinces, requiring the provinces and key enterprises that have not completed the task to make explanations and make rectification within a time limit. For the new high energy consumption projects in the region or enterprises, the approval and regional approval restrictions will be suspended

the state also guides consumers to buy small displacement vehicles and promotes new energy projects such as solar energy by reducing taxes and providing financial subsidies

in 2009, major measures for energy conservation and emission reduction were introduced in a more intensive manner. The State Council and the national development and Reform Commission have made specific arrangements for energy conservation and emission reduction this year

according to Yang Tiesheng, the Ministry of industry and information technology has put forward eight major tasks this year: first, accelerate structural adjustment and optimization, and strengthen the elimination of backward production capacity; Second, strengthen the guidance of industry classification and deepen the work of energy conservation and emission reduction in key industries; Third, strengthen the management of key energy using enterprises; Fourth, strengthen the promotion of key energy-saving and emission reduction technologies, and implement special plans, implementation plans and directory management; Fifth, promote cleaner production and comprehensive utilization of resources; Sixth, promote energy conservation and emission reduction in the industry according to law and implement incentive policies; Seventh, carry out publicity, education, training and commendation activities for energy conservation and emission reduction; Eighth, strengthen organizational leadership and strengthen supervision and management

China is taking action to reduce emissions

-- in 2005, the national "Eleventh Five Year Plan" proposed binding targets of reducing energy consumption per unit of GDP by 20% and reducing the total emission of major pollutants by about 10%

-- in June 2007, the State Council issued and implemented the national plan for coping with climate change, clarifying the specific objectives, basic principles, key areas and policy measures for coping with climate change by 2010, becoming the first developing country to formulate a national plan for coping with climate change

-- in September 2007, President Hu Jintao mentioned four "carbon" in his speech at the 15th APEC informal leaders' meeting: developing a low-carbon economy, developing and promoting low-carbon energy technologies, increasing carbon sinks, and promoting carbon absorption technologies

-- in June, 2008, the collective learning conference of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee took coping with climate change and developing a low-carbon economy as the learning content for the first time

-- in August 2009, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress passed the resolution on actively responding to climate change, emphasizing the need to develop a green economy and a low-carbon economy based on national conditions, and incorporate actively responding to climate change into the national economic and social development plan as a long-term task of achieving sustainable development strategies

-- in September 2009, President Hu Jintao delivered a speech at the United Nations climate change summit, in which he expounded China's position on climate change for the first time. In his speech, he promised that China would continue to take effective measures to achieve a significant reduction in carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 2020 compared with 2005

-- in November 2009, the executive meeting of the State Council proposed that the carbon dioxide emission per unit of GDP in 2020 should be reduced by 40% to 45% compared with 2005, and should be incorporated into the medium and long-term plan for national economic and social development as a binding indicator

from 2010 to 2020

what is the basis for 40% - 45% emission reduction per unit of GDP

On November 26, the Chinese government officially announced the action goal of controlling greenhouse gas emissions, and decided to reduce carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 40% - 45% by 2020 compared with 2005

the executive meeting of the State Council chaired by Premier Wen Jiabao on November 25 also decided that this would be incorporated into the medium and long-term planning of national economic and social development as a binding indicator, and the corresponding domestic statistics, monitoring and assessment methods would be formulated

in fact, as early as the middle of November this year, Zhou Changyi, director of the Department of energy conservation of the Ministry of industry and information technology, told the media that during the "12th Five Year Plan", the Ministry of industry and information technology will continue to strengthen the supervision of energy conservation and emission reduction, even more stringent, and will formulate measures to eliminate backward production capacity

Zhou Changyi revealed that the "12th Five Year Plan" energy conservation and emission reduction measures formulated by the Ministry of industry and information technology will include: first, all new industrial projects must be reviewed for energy consumption. Energy saving of enterprises

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